Forests, fruits, and history at every turn.

Nature walks in Ilisu State Reserve, historic sites like the 17th-century Ilisu Fortress, vibrant local markets, and easy access to nearby cities.

Nestled in the foothills of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, Balakan is a town in Azerbaijan known for its landscapes. The town is a gateway to the scenic Ilisu State Reserve, offering opportunities for nature walks and wildlife spotting. Balakan's local markets present a unique chance to experience regional crafts and traditional Azerbaijani cuisine.

Historical Landmarks

Balakan offers several notable historical landmarks that provide insight into Azerbaijan's past. The ancient fortress of Ilisu, dating back to the 17th century, is an essential visit. This fortress, which once served as a defensive stronghold, offers not just historical context but also panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes. Another noteworthy site is the Giz Galasi (Maiden Tower), a relic of medieval architecture that stands as a testament to the town's rich history.

Key Attractions

Balakan hosts several key attractions that make it worth visiting. The Ilisu Waterfall, located within the Ilisu State Reserve, is a popular spot for nature lovers. The Reserve itself offers opportunities for hiking and wildlife spotting, providing a scenic escape from urban life. The town's central park, Heydar Aliyev Park, features well-maintained gardens and walking paths perfect for a relaxed afternoon.


The natural beauty surrounding Balakan is one of its most compelling features. The Greater Caucasus Mountains offer not just breathtaking views but also a range of outdoor activities. Besides the Ilisu State Reserve, the nearby Zaqatala Nature Reserve is another great location for eco-tourism. This area is home to diverse flora and fauna, making it a paradise for photographers and nature enthusiasts.


Getting around Balakan is straightforward. The town is well-connected by road, and local buses provide regular service to nearby cities like Zaqatala and Sheki. Taxis are also available and are a convenient mode of transport for exploring both the town and its surrounding areas. If you're traveling from Baku, direct buses or a combination of bus and train services make the journey affordable.

Average temperatures during the day in Balakan.

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