Historical Monument in New Delhi

Humayun's Tomb

Explore the first garden-tomb in India, Humayun's Tomb in Delhi—a historic Mughal architectural masterpiece with a striking Char Bagh layout.

Humayun's Tomb stands as a significant testament to Mughal architecture in Delhi, India. Commissioned by Humayun's first wife, Bega Begum, in 1565, it was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, influencing many later monuments. The tomb is notable for its symmetrical design, intricate use of red sandstone and white marble, and the Char Bagh garden layout, a feature that became characteristic of Mughal garden-tombs. This UNESCO World Heritage site also houses the graves of several other Mughal royals, adding to its historical importance.

Architectural Design and Features

Humayun's Tomb is an early example of the grand mausoleums that the Mughal emperors built. The tomb's central structure is an impressive double dome, towering at a height of approximately 47 meters. Its graceful design includes high arches and a lattice of small windows, allowing light to filter into the interior. Dominated by red sandstone and accented with white marble, the contrast embodies luxury and grandeur. The building also features intricate carvings and Islamic geometric design, showcasing the craftsmanship of the Mughal era.

The Char Bagh Layout

The tomb is set within a typical Mughal garden known as the Char Bagh, which translates to 'four gardens'. This layout divides the land into four parts with walkways or flowing water, symbolizing the four rivers that flow in jannat, the Islamic concept of paradise. Each section is planted with a variety of trees, shrubs, and flowers, creating a peaceful setting fitting for the final resting place of an emperor.

Historical Significance and Other Monuments

In addition to Humayun's resting place, the tomb complex is the final abode for several other members of the Mughal dynasty, including Humayun's wives and later descendants like Dara Shikoh. This makes it an important historical site for understanding the lineage and legacy of Mughal rulers. Close to the main tomb lies the smaller but equally significant Tomb of Isa Khan, an Afghan noble in Sher Shah Suri’s court, encased within another char bagh.

Visitor Tips and Accessibility

For those planning a visit, be aware that Humayun's Tomb is most striking at either sunrise or sunset when the natural light complements its sandstone hues. The complex is open daily from sunrise to sunset, with a nominal entry fee applicable for both domestic and foreign tourists. Facilities including bathrooms, a drinking water station, and benches are provided for visitor comfort.

Photography Opportunities

Photography enthusiasts will appreciate the play of light and shadow cast upon the intricate jaalis (carved lattice screens) and detailed calligraphy at different times of the day. The symmetry of the Char Bagh and the reflections in its water channels offer additional opportunities for capturing stunning photos that showcase the architectural brilliance of the site.

How to Reach Humayun's Tomb

Located in the eastern part of Delhi, Humayun's Tomb is accessible by various means of transportation. The nearest metro station is Jor Bagh on the Yellow Line, from where one can take an auto-rickshaw to reach the monument. Alternatively, visitors can take buses stopping at nearby routes or hire a taxi or an auto-rickshaw directly to the site.

Nearby Attractions

To make the most of your visit to Humayun's Tomb, consider exploring nearby attractions such as the Lodhi Gardens or the bustling market streets of Khan Market. For those interested in history and culture, a visit to Nizamuddin Dargah, a revered Sufi Islamic shrine nearby, provides a deeper insight into Delhi's rich heritage.

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