Landmark in Gibraltar

The Rock

Explore The Rock of Gibraltar for its rich history, unique wildlife including Europe’s only wild monkeys, and panoramic views.

The Rock of Gibraltar stands as a prominent landmark at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, where the Mediterranean Sea meets the Atlantic Ocean. Known for its towering presence and strategic location, it has been a focal point throughout history, witnessing numerous power shifts. Visitors can explore the Upper Rock Nature Reserve, a haven for native wildlife, and the extensive network of tunnels dating back to the Great Siege, which played a crucial role in military defense. The Rock also offers panoramic views across to North Africa.

Upper Rock Nature Reserve

For those interested in natural beauty and wildlife, the Upper Rock Nature Reserve is a must-visit attraction. The nature reserve encompasses a large portion of The Rock and provides a sanctuary for a rich variety of flora and fauna. Visitors can take a leisurely walk through its paths, enjoying the local plants and the famous Gibraltar monkeys, tailless Barbary macaques, which are the only wild monkeys found in Europe. Remember to observe the macaques from a distance and refrain from feeding them to avoid penalties.

St. Michael’s Cave

Within the Upper Rock Nature Reserve lies St. Michael’s Cave, a remarkable network of limestone caves. The largest of these caves, known as Cathedral Cave, is currently used for concerts and other events due to its natural acoustic properties. Take a guided tour to marvel at the stalactites and stalagmites, and colorful lighting that emphasizes the cave's dramatic interior.

The Great Siege Tunnels

Delving into Gibraltar's military history, the Great Siege Tunnels are an engineering marvel not to be missed. Carved out by the British during the Great Siege of Gibraltar at the end of the 18th century, these tunnels allowed soldiers to transport cannons and defend various points of The Rock. Touring these tunnels offers insights into the strategic military importance of Gibraltar over the centuries.

Mediterranean Steps

For the adventurous traveler, the Mediterranean Steps offer a challenging yet rewarding hike. This steep path wraps around the eastern side of The Rock, ultimately bringing hikers to its summit. Along the way, you will encounter stunning views of the Mediterranean, and on clear days, across to North Africa. The hike takes approximately 1-2 hours to complete but requires good physical condition due to its steep nature.

Views from The Rock

One cannot leave Gibraltar without experiencing the panoramic views from The Rock itself. Several vantage points provide breathtaking overlooks, including the Skywalk, a glass platform offering 360-degree vistas. Additionally, the cable car ride to The Rock is an attraction in itself, presenting spectacular views as you ascend to the top station where you can begin your exploration.

Accessibility and Transportation

The Rock is accessible by foot, car, and via cable car which provides direct access to several main attractions. It's also possible to book guided taxi tours that include major sites like the nature reserve, St. Michael’s Cave, and the Siege Tunnels. For those looking to explore independently, walking is feasible but be prepared for steep inclines.

Flora and Fauna

Finally, beyond its historical sites, The Rock is home to diverse plant and animal species unique to this environment. As you explore, take time to appreciate the rare flowers and birds that can be found only in this region. It’s this blend of nature and history that makes The Rock an exceptional place to visit.

What people say about The Rock

Be the first to review The Rock

Tell us about it! Is it place worth visiting, are you coming back?

What else to see in Gibraltar?

Popular on Humbo right now
The best places to visit in the worldThe 30 best food cities in the worldThe most beautiful national parks in the worldThe best places for women to travel aloneThe 20 happiest cities in the worldThe best disc golf destinations in the worldThe warmest places in Europe during winterThe 10 most expensive cities in the world
Humbo™AboutVisited placesSustainable travelPrivacyTerms