Cyprus is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece. The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. The capital of Cyprus is Nicosia and the official languages are Greek and Turkish. The island has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Cyprus is a popular tourist destination for its beaches, archaeological sites, and nightlife. Some of the best things to see and do in Cyprus include visiting the archaeological site of Kato Paphos, exploring the Troodos Mountains, and spending time on the beaches of Ayia Napa. The food in Cyprus is a mix of Greek and Turkish cuisine. Some popular dishes include Souvlaki (kebabs), Gyro (lamb or chicken wrapped in pita bread), Moussaka (eggplant and meat casserole), and Baklava (filo pastry with nuts and honey).