Cultural Heritage in Kathmandu

Kathmandu Durbar Square

Explore Kathmandu Durbar Square's remarkable history, royal palace, temples, and local Nepalese culture in the heart of Nepal's capital.

Kathmandu Durbar Square stands at the heart of Nepal's capital as a testimony to the city's rich history and religious significance. This historic site is surrounded by centuries-old buildings that are remarkable for their exquisite architecture, including the old Royal Palace, various temples, and shrines. Key attractions such as the Taleju Temple, built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549, and the house of the Kumari, the living goddess, draw visitors into the square's unique blend of daily life and ancient tradition.

Taleju Temple

Taleju Temple, a pivotal shrine in Kathmandu Durbar Square, was constructed during the reign of King Mahendra Malla in the 16th century. Not open to the general public, this temple still plays a central role during the Indra Jatra and Dashain festivals, when it is the focal point for significant religious ceremonies. The temple's architecture showcases the classic multi-tiered style, with intricately carved wooden features and statues that depict various deities from Hindu mythology.

Kumari Ghar: The Home of the Living Goddess

Adjacent to the towering temples, you'll find the Kumari Ghar or Kumari Chowk, where the living goddess, or Kumari, resides. Visitors may catch a glimpse of the Kumari as she occasionally appears at her window or in the courtyard. This building also exhibits traditional Newari architecture and is steeped in cultural lore, making it a must-see for those interested in the living traditions of Nepal.

Hanuman Dhoka Palace Complex

The Hanuman Dhoka Palace Complex was the royal Nepalese residence until the 19th century and remains a historic edifice symbolizing Nepal’s monarchy. The complex also houses the Tribhuvan Museum that contains artifacts related to the Shah dynasty and offers insight into the royal history of Nepal. Entry fees are nominal, and visitors can walk through courtyards and view old thrones, ceremonial items, and portraits.

Museums and Cultural Exhibits

In Kathmandu Durbar Square, museums like the Tribhuvan Museum serve as gateways to exploring Nepal's past rulers and historical events. They provide educational contexts that enrich visitor's experiences in understanding Nepalese history, art, and culture.

Local Markets and Crafts

Surrounding Kathmandu Durbar Square, there are numerous stalls and shops selling traditional Nepali crafts. These include intricate jewelry, handwoven textiles, and khukuri knives. The area is ideal for those seeking to purchase authentic souvenirs or to observe local artisans at work.

Food and Dining Experiences

For an authentic taste of local cuisine, visitors can venture to eateries near Kathmandu Durbar Square. From street food vendors selling momos (dumplings) and sel roti (a traditional rice doughnut) to restaurants offering dal bhat (rice and lentils) and other Nepalese staples, there’s a range of dining options available to suit different budgets.

Interacting with Locals

While exploring Kathmandu Durbar Square, you can observe and engage with residents participating in daily rituals, offering an authentic snapshot of Nepalese life. Many locals visit the square for worship or social gatherings, presenting opportunities for visitors to understand the community's way of life.

Costs and Safety

Entry fees to various sites within Kathmandu Durbar Square are relatively affordable. It's advisable to remain vigilant as pickpocketing can happen in crowded areas. Generally, the local authorities ensure a safe environment for tourists.


Kathmandu Durbar Square is easily accessible by taxi or rickshaw from major points within the city. For those staying in Thamel or other nearby areas, walking can be an enjoyable way to reach the square. Public buses also have routes passing by this iconic landmark for those opting for local transport.

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