Portugal is a beautiful country located on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, being bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. Portugal is the oldest state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded, and fought over since prehistoric times. The land of Portugal is very diverse, from the green mountains and valleys of the north to the sandy beaches of the south. The country has a temperate climate, with average temperatures ranging from 12°C in the north to 25°C in the south. There are many reasons to visit Portugal. The country has a rich culture and history, beautiful scenery, and friendly people. Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Portugal include the capital city of Lisbon, the coastal town of Porto, and the island of Madeira. Lisbon is a beautiful city with a rich history dating back to the Roman Empire. Porto is a charming coastal town known for its port wine and stunning views of the Douro River. Madeira is a beautiful island known for its lush vegetation and stunning cliffs. Portugal is also a great place to enjoy good food and wine. The Portuguese cuisine is varied and includes both meat and seafood dishes. Some examples of popular dishes are bacalhau (codfish), cozido à portuguesa (a stew of meat and vegetables), and francesinha (a sandwich with meat, cheese, and egg).