Hamelin is a picturesque small town in Lower Saxony, Germany, best known for the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
The town was founded by Count Baldwin III of Hamaland in the 12th century. The historic old town was almost completely destroyed in a fire in 1617. The town was rebuilt in the Baroque style. The Pied Piper of Hamelin is a legend from the Middle Ages about a piper who led all the children of the town away with his music.